Sun damage and how to prevent it

The largest organ in our body is our skin, and it is constantly exposed to sunlight, pollution, dirt, and bacteria; hence we must take good care of it, not only focusing on the way it looks but also on its function.


One of the main enemies of the skin is prolonged sun exposure that leads to sun damage, and one of the reasons is that it causes photoaging. These changes tend to be more evident to the ones caused by genetics and usual changes linked with chronological aging. Factors like advanced age, geographical location, lack of sun protection, and diet can increase the chances of photoaging. The main reason is the direct exposure to the sun and can be appreciated in areas constantly tanned like hands, decolletage, face, and neck.


Not only wrinkles and pigmentation are signs of sun damage; according to the American Cancer Society, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer and is mostly caused by excessive exposition to sunlight.


What are the signs of photoaging?

Ultra Violet rays can decrease the quantity of elastin and collagen in our skin; therefore, elasticity and hydration are lost over time, causing premature sagginess and wrinkles. Also, photoaging can cause dryness, fine lines, and dark spots known as lentigo. In conclusion, sun damage can make someone look older due to premature skin aging.


Can sun damage be prevented?

Yes, sun damage can be prevented only by modifying some habits and having periodic consultations with a specialist. Most preventatives measures should be started during childhood, and the main reason is that sun damage in the long term can cause skin cancer.

Here we will present you with some recommendation to prevent sun damage:


· Never forget your sunscreen; make sure it is broad-spectrum and at least SPF 30. The most recommended sunscreens are made of Zinc Oxide and are alcohol-free.

· Apply sunscreen in exposed areas we usually tend to forget, like the back of the neck, ears, and hands.

· Wear sunglasses, hats, and clothes that can cover most of your body when you plan to be exposed to sunlight for long periods.

· Avoid prolonged sun exposure, especially between noon and four in the afternoon.

· Avoid wearing perfume and products with alcohol before sun exposure; most likely, they will cause pigmentation and allergies.

· Avoid exposing directly to the sun and stay in the shade.

· Apply sunscreen to your entire body, and don’t skip any area. The right amount of sunscreen to protect your body is the equivalent of 2 tablespoons or 1 ounce.

· Apply the “two-fingers” rule to apply sunscreen on your face.; this one consists of applying a line of sunscreen to two of your fingers, from the fingertips until the palmar crease.

· Reapply your sunscreen every couple of hours, especially if you are during outdoor activities.

· Keep yourself hydrated during sun exposition.

· Apply products containing aloe vera to maintain your skin hydration.

· Add Hyaluronic Acid to your skincare routine; this ingredient not only will hydrate your skin deeply but also will prevent wrinkles, dehydration, and irritation.



Have skincare questions? The Park Med Spa will help you to bring your skin into a better condition with the professional skin treatments, provided in our medical spa in Central New Jersey, and will help you establish your daily routine with our effective skin products to use at home.